Gwen Ryder BA (Hons) AIIT, CTA, VAT and Customs Consultant. Gwen has been a VAT and customs duty specialist and lecturer for her entire career. She worked in HM Customs (now HM Revenue and Customs) for 9 years before joining the VAT and Customs team at Ernst & Young for over 6 years. She subsequently became the VAT and Customs Partner in a top 20 firm, and then formed her own consultancy practice in 2003. From 2006 to 2019, much of Gwen’s time was taken up as acting head of VAT, and then head of VAT compliance in a top 10 firm of accountants. Gwen is an Associate of and former examiner for the Institute of Indirect Tax, and is a member of the Customs Practitioners and VAT Practitioners Groups. Gwen advises a wide range of clients on all matters of VAT and customs duty as it applies in the UK and internationally.